Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 47, 2020
Previous Article Next Article

AIE-based nanoaggregate tracker: high-fidelity visualization of lysosomal movement and drug-escaping processes

Author affiliations

Abstract

High-fidelity imaging and long-term visualization of lysosomes are crucial for their functional evaluation, related disease detection and active drug screening. However, commercial aggregation-caused quenching probes are not conducive to precise lysosomal imaging because of their inherent drawbacks, like easy diffusion, short emission and small Stokes shift, let alone their long-term tracing due to rapid photobleaching. Herein we report a novel aggregation-induced emission (AIE)-based TCM-PI nanoaggregate tracker for direct visualization of lysosomes based on the building block of tricyano-methylene-pyridine (TCM), wherein introduced piperazine (PI) groups behave as targeting units to lysosomes upon protonation, and the self-assembled nanostructure contributes to fast endocytosis for enhanced targeting ability as well as extended retention time for long-term imaging. The piperazine-stabilized TCM-PI nanoaggregate shifts the emission maximum to 677 nm in an aqueous environment, and falls within the desirable NIR region with a large Stokes shift of 162 nm, thereby greatly reducing biological fluorescent background interference. In contrast with the commercially available LysoTracker Red, the essential AIE characteristic of high photostability can guarantee three-dimensional high-fidelity tracing with low photobleaching, and little diffusion from lysosomes, and especially overcome the AIE bottleneck to target specificity. Consequently, the AIE-based nanoaggregate tracker successfully achieves the high-fidelity and long-term tracing of lysosomal movement and even monitors the drug-escaping process from lysosomes to cell nuclei, which provides a potential tool to benefit drug screening.

Graphical abstract: AIE-based nanoaggregate tracker: high-fidelity visualization of lysosomal movement and drug-escaping processes

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
29 Jul 2020
Accepted
26 Aug 2020
First published
28 Aug 2020

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2020,11, 12755-12763
Article type
Edge Article

AIE-based nanoaggregate tracker: high-fidelity visualization of lysosomal movement and drug-escaping processes

Z. Liu, Q. Wang, Z. Zhu, M. Liu, X. Zhao and W. Zhu, Chem. Sci., 2020, 11, 12755
DOI: 10.1039/D0SC04156D

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements