Synthesis of an STnThr analogue, structurally based on a TnThr antigen mimetic†
The monosaccharide Tn and the disaccharide STn are tumor antigens with similar structures and common biosynthetic pathways. Both are always over-expressed simultaneously on tumor cell surfaces. We report herein the efficient synthesis of the STnThr antigen analogue 2, featuring the immunogenic TnThr mimetic 1 aglycon. Analogously to the native STn, 2 is recognized by the influenza N1 neuraminidase. A model of the N1·2 complex showed the sialyl moiety of 2 well nested in the active site pocket, with docking unaffected by the rigid aglycon. The analogue 2 is, therefore, in association with mimetic 1, a good determinant for the design of new multiantigen cancer vaccines.