The first-principles study of the adsorption of NH3, NO, and NO2 gas molecules on InSe-like phosphorus carbide†
The adsorption of environmental gas molecules, i.e., NH3, NO, and NO2 on the γ-PC surface has been studied using first-principles calculations. The lowest-energy configurations of these molecules on the γ-PC surface were found and the adsorption energies were calculated. The NH3, NO, and NO2 molecules were found to be physisorbed on the γ-PC surface. The analysis of the charge transfer between the molecules and the surface predicted NH3 and NO as donors to γ-PC, while NO2 acted as an acceptor to γ-PC. Remarkable changes in the band structure of γ-PC were found upon the adsorption of NO2 on its surface. In addition, significant modulations in the work function of γ-PC were observed after the adsorption of NH3 and NO.