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Issue 6, 2020
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Influence of type of dairy matrix micro- and macrostructure on in vitro lipid digestion

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Abstract

Recent research indicates that the food matrix can influence digestion kinetics and uptake of nutrients, thus affecting human health. The aim of this study was to obtain knowledge on how variations in microstructure and texture of foods represented by four dairy products; (i) cheddar cheese, (ii) a homogenized cheddar cheese, (iii) a micellar casein and cream drink or (iv) a micellar casein and cream gel, all of identical nutrient ratios of protein : fat and calcium : fat, affect the in vitro digestibility kinetics of lipids. Rheology of the four dairy structures was measured at 10 °C and 37 °C before digestion, and during the gastric phase of in vitro digestion. During digestion cheddar cheese was most resistant to enzymatic and mechanical disintegration, followed by homogenized cheese, while both the drink and gel had low resistance and dissolved in the gastric juice. Particle size, fat droplet size and microstructure were assessed by light scattering and confocal microscopy during digestion. Significantly larger fat droplets were observed during digestion of the cheddar cheese sample. The release of free fatty acids during the initial intestinal digestion showed cheddar cheese to provide a significantly lower release than homogenized cheese, whereas the drink and gel both had significantly higher free fatty acid release. The results suggest that the cheese matrix resistance to degradation and its large fat droplets were responsible for a slower fat digestion.

Graphical abstract: Influence of type of dairy matrix micro- and macrostructure on in vitro lipid digestion

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
25 Mar 2020
Accepted
02 Jun 2020
First published
02 Jun 2020

Food Funct., 2020,11, 4960-4972
Article type
Paper

Influence of type of dairy matrix micro- and macrostructure on in vitro lipid digestion

J. M. Schmidt, L. Kjølbæk, K. J. Jensen, E. Rouy, H. C. Bertram, T. Larsen, A. Raben, A. Astrup and M. Hammershøj, Food Funct., 2020, 11, 4960
DOI: 10.1039/D0FO00785D

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