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Issue 9, 2020

Structure, conductivity and magnetism of orthorhombic and fluorite polymorphs in MoO3–Ln2O3 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) systems

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Abstract

Phase-pure orthorhombic compositions at a Ln/Mo ratio ∼ 5.2–5.7 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) have been obtained for the first time by prolonged (40–160 h) heat treatment of mechanically activated 5Ln2O3 + 2MoO3 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) oxide mixtures at 1200 °C. Although the starting Ln : Mo ratio was 5 : 1 (Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Dy, Ho)), it changed slightly in the final product due to the volatility of molybdenum oxide at 1200 °C (40–160 h) (ICP-MS analysis). Brief high-temperature firing (1600 °C, 3 h) of 5Ln2O3 + 2MoO3 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) oxide mixtures leads to the formation of phase-pure fluorites with compositions close to Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho). Gd10Mo2O21 molybdate seems to undergo an order–disorder (orthorhombic–fluorite) phase transition in the range of 1200–1600 °C. For the first time, using the neutron diffraction method, it was shown that low-temperature phases with a Ln/Mo ratio ∼ 5.2–5.7 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) have an orthorhombic structure rather than a tetragonal structure. Proton contribution to the total conductivity of Ln10Mo2O21 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) fluorites and gadolinium and dysprosium orthorhombic phases in a wet atmosphere was observed for the first time. In both orthorhombic and fluorite phases, the total conductivity in wet air decreases with decreasing lanthanide ionic radii. In a wide temperature range, the compounds under study exhibit paramagnetic behaviour. However, the orthorhombic phases of Dy and Ho compounds reach the antiferromagnetic state at 2.4 K and 2.6 K, respectively.

Graphical abstract: Structure, conductivity and magnetism of orthorhombic and fluorite polymorphs in MoO3–Ln2O3 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) systems

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
12 Dec 2019
Accepted
24 Jan 2020
First published
24 Jan 2020

Dalton Trans., 2020,49, 2833-2842
Article type
Paper

Structure, conductivity and magnetism of orthorhombic and fluorite polymorphs in MoO3–Ln2O3 (Ln = Gd, Dy, Ho) systems

A. V. Shlyakhtina, M. Avdeev, N. V. Lyskov, J. C. C. Abrantes, E. Gomes, K. N. Denisova, I. V. Kolbanev, S. A. Chernyak, O. S. Volkova and A. N. Vasiliev, Dalton Trans., 2020, 49, 2833 DOI: 10.1039/C9DT04724G

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