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Shining light on the solid–liquid interface: in situ/operando monitoring of surface catalysis

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Abstract

Many industrially important chemical transformations occur at the interface between a solid catalyst and liquid reactants, despite which relatively little attention has been paid to spectroscopic methods for interrogating the working solid–liquid interface. This partly reflects a limited number of analytical techniques that give access to interface-specific information. Direct observation of surface species at catalytic solid–liquid interfaces is a daunting challenge for many in situ techniques due to the low concentration and/or short lifetime of chemical species in dynamic reactions. This review discusses the application of in situ and operando spectroscopies to probe solid–liquid interfaces, with a focus on the resulting mechanistic insight in the context of catalysis for sustainable chemistry.

Graphical abstract: Shining light on the solid–liquid interface: in situ/operando monitoring of surface catalysis

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Article information


Submitted
19 Mar 2020
Accepted
03 Jun 2020
First published
11 Jun 2020

This article is Open Access

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Minireview

Shining light on the solid–liquid interface: in situ/operando monitoring of surface catalysis

L. Negahdar, C. M. A. Parlett, M. A. Isaacs, A. M. Beale, K. Wilson and A. F. Lee, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0CY00555J

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