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Nitrogen doped carbon quantum dots demonstrate no toxicity under in vitro conditions in a cervical cell line and in vivo in Swiss albino mice

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Abstract

Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and their derivatives have potential applications in the field of biomedical imaging. Toxicity is one of the critical parameters that can hamper their success in biological applications. In this context, our goal was to systematically investigate both in vivo and in vitro toxicity of nitrogen doped carbon quantum dots (NCQDs). In vivo toxic effects were evaluated for 30 days in Swiss albino mice at two different concentrations (5.0 mg per kg body weight (BW) and 10.0 mg per kg BW) of NCQDs. Results of haematological, serum biochemical, antioxidant and histopathological parameters showed no noteworthy defects at both of these concentrations. An in vitro assessment was performed against the human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa cells) at the concentration of 0–400 μg ml−1. The LDH profile, DNA fragmentation, apoptosis, and growth cycle of cells showed no apparent toxicity of NCQDs. The overall study offers highly biocompatible N-doped carbon quantum dots, which may be considered as an attractive material for future biomedical applications.

Graphical abstract: Nitrogen doped carbon quantum dots demonstrate no toxicity under in vitro conditions in a cervical cell line and in vivo in Swiss albino mice

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Sep 2018, accepted on 18 Dec 2018 and first published on 21 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TX00260F
Citation: Toxicol. Res., 2019, Advance Article

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    Nitrogen doped carbon quantum dots demonstrate no toxicity under in vitro conditions in a cervical cell line and in vivo in Swiss albino mice

    V. Singh, S. Kashyap, U. Yadav, A. Srivastava, A. V. Singh, R. K. Singh, S. K. Singh and P. S. Saxena, Toxicol. Res., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TX00260F

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