Interface engineering strategies towards Cs2AgBiBr6 single-crystalline photodetectors with good Ohmic contact behaviours†
Lead-free double perovskite materials have attracted much interest for optoelectronic applications due to their nontoxicity and high stability. In this work, centimetre-sized Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals were successfully grown using methylammonium bromide (MABr) as the flux by a top-seeded solution growth (TSSG) method. The low-temperature crystal structure of Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals was determined and refined. To investigate the interface problems between Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals and electrodes, the optical band gap, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) measurements were performed on Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals. More importantly, we investigated the photodetectors based on Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals with different contact electrodes (Au, Ag, and Al). It is found that a good Ohmic contact with Ag electrodes enables excellent photo-response behaviors. Furthermore, we studied the photodetectors based on Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals using Ag electrodes under room and low temperature conditions, which underwent phase transition. Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystal photodetectors show clear differences at room and low temperatures, which is caused by the work function changes of Cs2AgBiBr6 single crystals induced by the reversible phase transition. These attractive properties may enable opportunities to apply emerging double perovskite single-crystalline materials for high-performance optoelectronic devices.