Precipitating CsPbBr3 quantum dots in boro-germanate glass with a dense structure and inert environment toward highly stable and efficient narrow-band green emitters for wide-color-gamut liquid crystal displays†
All-inorganic perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots (QDs) are becoming the most popular narrow-band green emitter for use as a critical material in next generation wide-color-gamut backlight displays. However, their intrinsic poor stability greatly hinders their development for practical applications. Herein, CsPbBr3 QDs were successfully precipitated in boro-germanate glass (CsPbBr3 QDs@glass) with well-designed compositions, not only retaining a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY of 43% upon 450 nm excitation) and narrow bandwidth (FWHM of 22 nm), but also showing significantly enhanced stability in relation to water, heat, and UV/blue irradiation. The relative PL intensity of CsPbBr3 QDs@glass was maintained at 60% or 85% after being immersed in water for 22 days or exposed to UV light for 100 hours, respectively. Moreover, CsPbBr3 QDs@glass samples present impressive recovery abilities in thermal cycling experiments or upon intermittent blue light irradiation. Finally, an all-inorganic white light-emitting diode (white LED) achieving 125% of National Television Standards Committee (NTSC) performance was fabricated through employing green-emitting CsPbBr3 QDs@glass and red-emitting Cs2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphor-in-glass (PiG) plates as color convertors. The design rules established here could initiate the further exploration of other glass systems with moderate halide solubilities and low melting temperatures to precipitate highly efficient and stable CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) QDs.