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The green poly-lysine enantiomers as electron-extraction layers for high performance organic photovoltaics

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Abstract

In this study, we first revealed green materials – poly-lysines (poly-L-lysine and poly-L-lysine blend poly-D-lysine) – as electron-extraction layers (EELs) in organic photovoltaics (OPVs). The distinct configurations of poly-lysine enantiomers were verified by conducting zeta potential analysis, and their work function (WF)-tuning capabilities for indium tin oxide (ITO) were affirmed by ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS). These two poly-lysine groups, with different arrangements of the amino groups that built up different surface dipoles on the ITO substrate, altered the surface energy and WF of ITO. Poly-L-lysine optimized the WF of ITO for efficient carrier transport in the OPV device, in the electron transporting layer-free OPV devices, and we observed a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.01% in the device configuration of ITO/interlayer/BHJ/MoO3/Ag. As the first examination of poly-lysine enantiomers for OPVs, we provided the WF-tuning functions – increasing polarity as an interfacial dipole is formed at the corresponding interface, and discovered a promising interfacial material possessing high efficiency and benefitting from a long-term stability to perform in a stable PCE with about 80% of its original PCE remaining after continuous heat and light treatment for 400 hours.

Graphical abstract: The green poly-lysine enantiomers as electron-extraction layers for high performance organic photovoltaics

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jul 2019, accepted on 17 Sep 2019 and first published on 17 Sep 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TC03895G
J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, Advance Article

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    The green poly-lysine enantiomers as electron-extraction layers for high performance organic photovoltaics

    K. Huang, C. Shih, B. Jiang, R. Jeng, C. Chen and W. Chen, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TC03895G

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