UV-Sensing Organic Phototransistor Memories with a Doped Organic Polymer Electret Composed of Triphenylamine-Based Aggregation-Induced Emission Luminogens
This paper reports that a UV-sensing organic field-effect phototransistor with a stacked pentacene channel and doped aggregation-enhanced emission (AIE)-fluorescent electret for potential applications, such as photomemory storage and photodetectors. It is found that the emission of the photoirradiated doped electret (PA-SMX and PI-SMX) layer can be manipulated at various doping levels, which can be further absorbed by the photoactive pentacene channel. These photogenerated excitons can be separated, and the electrons can be trapped into electret layer in the presence of gate voltage bias. Therefore, the photoinduced programming and electrical field-driven erasing effects of the designed memory device based on doped electret exhibit optimal photomemory performance with a memory window (MW) of 37.2 V and a reliable retention time over 10,000 s with good cyclic endurance. The photodetection can also be modulated by the illumination power intensity, which reflects a photosensitivity (S) of 1.92 × 106 and a photoresponsivity (R) of 45 A W−1 for the organic phototransistor with the PI-SM5 doped electret under a photoexcitation intensity of 720 μW cm−2 at 365 nm. The photoresponse following the change in the threshold voltage and photocurrent correlate well with the spectroscopic results and provide further understanding and optimization of organic phototransistor memories.