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Issue 24, 2019
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Microwave-assisted synthesis of carbon dots and their applications

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Abstract

Carbon dots, an emerging class within the carbon allotrope family, have gained significant attention largely due to their versatile and tunable physico-chemical and optical properties. These quasi-spherical carbon nanomaterials, less than 10 nm in size, can be prepared using numerous synthesis strategies resulting in unique properties that can be exploited for a myriad of applications. This review examines the bottom-up synthesis of these dots with a focus on their microwave-assisted synthesis, which can be used to prepare hydrophilic, hydrophobic or even amphiphilic carbon dots. It also investigates their application to multiple fields including sensing, bioimaging, solar cells and catalysis. Finally, a discussion of the challenges and perspectives are provided.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted synthesis of carbon dots and their applications

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Article information


Submitted
26 Mar 2019
Accepted
24 May 2019
First published
28 May 2019

J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019,7, 7175-7195
Article type
Review Article

Microwave-assisted synthesis of carbon dots and their applications

T. V. de Medeiros, J. Manioudakis, F. Noun, J. Macairan, F. Victoria and R. Naccache, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, 7, 7175
DOI: 10.1039/C9TC01640F

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