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A high performance perovskite CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystal photodetector: benefiting from an evolutionary preparation process

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Abstract

Hybrid organic–inorganic lead halide perovskites (CH3NH3PbX3, X = Cl, Br, or I) are deemed to be the highest potential semiconducting materials due to their unique optoelectronic properties. Nowadays, most perovskite photodetectors are fabricated on the basis of thin films, and their performances are limited by the low carrier mobility and high trap density of the thin films. Herein, a high performance photodetector was fabricated via a method involving inversion temperature precision gradient crystallization (ITPGC) for the first time, which is an improvement on traditional methods. The structure of the bulk single crystal is confirmed via XRD and TEM characterization. Also, in terms of nucleation and growth theory, the growth mechanism is explained in detail and the best growth temperature is suggested to be 80 °C for the first time. Benefiting from this, a photodetector with ultra-high responsivity of 7.97 A W−1 is obtained, which is superior to thin film photodetectors. Also, a rise time of 1.27 ms and a fall time of 1.84 ms are obtained, which are regarded as pioneering values for this type of system. Meanwhile, the study also provides new ideas for the preparation of bulk single crystals.

Graphical abstract: A high performance perovskite CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystal photodetector: benefiting from an evolutionary preparation process

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Feb 2019, accepted on 01 Apr 2019 and first published on 03 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TC00892F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, Advance Article

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    A high performance perovskite CH3NH3PbCl3 single crystal photodetector: benefiting from an evolutionary preparation process

    Z. Yuan, W. Huang, S. Ma, G. Ouyang, W. Hu and W. Zhang, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9TC00892F

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