Tin(ii) thiocyanate Sn(NCS)2 – a wide band gap coordination polymer semiconductor with a 2D structure†
Semiconductors based on tin(II) show promising hole-transport characteristics due to the 5s electrons that form the valence band. In this paper, we report the synthesis and comprehensive characterization of tin(II) thiocyanate [Sn(NCS)2] and identify it as a novel transparent coordination polymer semiconductor. The single crystal X-ray analysis reveals covalently-bonded 1D polymeric chains that form a 2D structure through Sn–S tetrel bonds. Density functional theory calculations also confirm the importance of the van der Waals interactions between the 2D sheets. Furthermore, we show that the s character of Sn(II) is maintained at the top of the valence band, resulting in dispersed states with a small hole effective mass. The coordination with NCS ligands also leads to a conduction band which is high in energy, giving rise to a wide band gap and excellent transparency in the visible spectrum. This is the first report on the electronic properties of Sn(NCS)2 which highlights the potential of developing new transparent semiconductors based on thiocyanate coordination polymers.