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Issue 8, 2019
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Extraordinary magnetic field effects mediated by spin-pair interaction and electron mobility in thermally activated delayed fluorescence-based OLEDs with quantum-well structure

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Abstract

We fabricated quantum-well organic light-emitting diodes (QW-OLEDs) based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and measured their magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) and magneto-conductance (MC) curves over various magnetic field ranges. When the number (N) of QWs was 7, the MC curves showed a flat structure within the magnetic field range 5 < |B| < 20 mT. The flat structure vanished with the use of a higher electron mobility material, which we attribute to competition between the dissociation of triplet excitons by holes and scattering of electrons by triplet excitons in the QW-TADF-OLEDs. In addition, when N ranged from 3 to 9, the MEL curves in the range |B| < 10 mT presented a W-like line-shape and the MC curves in the range |B| < 10 mT showed variation of their line-shape from W-like to negative Lorentzian-type; however, the B-dependent efficiency Mη (i.e., MEL–MC) curves in the range |B| < 10 mT, which were independent of N, showed a V-type line-shape. Our analysis suggests that these magnetic response behaviors depend on the combined effects of intersystem crossing of polaron pairs, reverse intersystem crossing of charge transfer excitons, and triplet-charge interactions under an external field B. This work provides insight into spin-pair dynamic mechanisms occurring within QW-TADF devices and suggests potential applications for a single OLED with integrated magnetic, optical, and electric properties.

Graphical abstract: Extraordinary magnetic field effects mediated by spin-pair interaction and electron mobility in thermally activated delayed fluorescence-based OLEDs with quantum-well structure

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Nov 2018, accepted on 27 Jan 2019 and first published on 28 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC06033A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019,7, 2421-2429

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    Extraordinary magnetic field effects mediated by spin-pair interaction and electron mobility in thermally activated delayed fluorescence-based OLEDs with quantum-well structure

    R. Pan, X. Tang, Y. Hu, H. Zhu, J. Deng and Z. Xiong, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, 7, 2421
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC06033A

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