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Issue 3, 2019
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Structure, luminescence and energy transfer in Ce3+ and Mn2+ codoped γ-AlON phosphors

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Abstract

Mn2+ doped γ-AlON is an interesting narrow-band green emitting phosphor which can be used in wide color gamut white LED backlights for liquid crystal displays (LCDs). However, the spin-forbidden transition of 3d5 in Mn2+ results in a quite low absorption efficiency, γ-AlON:Mn2+ thus has a small external quantum efficiency. Besides Eu2+,Ce3+ is another promising sensitizer and is expected to improve the emission of Mn2+ through a distinctive energy transfer process. In this work, a series of Ce3+–Mn2+ codoped γ-AlON phosphors were synthesized by gas pressure sintering at 1800 °C for 2 h under 0.5 MPa nitrogen gas pressure. The Rietveld refinement analysis shows that Al atoms occupy both 8a and 16d sites, while codoped Ce3+ and Mn2+ ions substitute the 8a Al atoms only in the tetrahedral sites. The 27Al solid state NMR spectrum further confirms the chemical shifts of AlO4 and AlO6 sites at 71.4 and 0 ppm, respectively. The measured PL, CL and decay times have evidenced that a brisk energy transfer occurs between the Ce3+ and Mn2+ ions. The energy transfer mechanism from Ce3+ to Mn2+ in γ-AlON is a quadrupole–quadrupole interaction and the critical distance is calculated to be 15.97 Å. Upon UV or blue light excitation, the codoped γ-AlON phosphor has higher luminescence intensity, quantum efficiency and thermal stability than the Mn2+-doped γ-AlON due to the energy transfer and low total concentration of Ce3+ and Mn2+ ions. Meanwhile, the absorption, internal quantum efficiency and external quantum efficiency are raised to 60.2%, 61.3% and 36.9% upon 310 nm excitation.

Graphical abstract: Structure, luminescence and energy transfer in Ce3+ and Mn2+ codoped γ-AlON phosphors

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Oct 2018, accepted on 04 Dec 2018 and first published on 04 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TC05430D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019,7, 733-742
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    Structure, luminescence and energy transfer in Ce3+ and Mn2+ codoped γ-AlON phosphors

    J. Si, L. Wang, L. Liu, W. Yi, G. Cai, T. Takeda, S. Funahashi, N. Hirosaki and R. Xie, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, 7, 733
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TC05430D

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