Reductive responsive micelle overcoming multidrug resistance of breast cancer by co-delivery of DOX and specific antibiotic†
The residual tumor cells after chemotherapy, even in very small numbers, are generally drug-resistant and invasive, which might result in the progress of tumor metastasis and recurrence. In this research, a new combination chemotherapy strategy of salinomycin (SL) that could selectively inhibit multidrug-resistant tumor cells and a traditional broad-spectrum antitumor drug, doxorubicin (DOX), based on redox-degradable nano-micelles was developed to overcome drug resistance in vitro. The results in vitro indicated that DOX + SL co-loaded nano-micelles could not only escape from the drug efflux of adriamycin-resistant MCF-7 cells (A/MCF-7) but also penetrated and infiltrated into 3D-cultured MCF-7 and 4T1 tumor spheres in vitro more effectively, resulting in a strong antiproliferative effect. In the allogeneic metastatic 4T1 tumor model, the combination chemotherapy of DOX + SL encapsulated in nano-micelles effectively suppressed tumor growth with no splenomegaly and no other major tissue damage, and reversed the EMT progress, and inhibited tumor recurrence and metastasis more effectively after drug withdrawal.