Serum biomolecules unable to compete with drug refilling into cyclodextrin polymers regardless of the form
Polymers that are refillable and sustain local release will have a great impact in both preventing and treating local cancer recurrence as well as addressing non-resectable diseases. Polymerized cyclodextrin (pCD) disks, which reload drugs into molecular “pockets” in vivo through affinity interactions, have been previously shown to localize doxorubicin (Dox) to treat glioblastoma multiforme. However, one concern is whether drug refilling is influenced by competition from local biomolecules. In addition the impact of the polymer form on drug refilling is unknown. Herein, different pCD formulations were synthesized from γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) and were compared in vitro using competitive drug filling/refilling assays. Data reveal that affinity-based drug refilling occurs as a function of both the polymer form and the sustained release polymeric liquid (SRPL) dilution factor, pointing to the surface/volume ratio, as well as the CD pocket density, and the effects of the distance between pocket. In vitro refilling experiments with cholesterol demonstrated no interference with Dox filling of the CD polymer, while the presence of albumin only slightly reduced Dox filling of pCD-γ-MP (microparticle) and pCD-γ-SRPL forms, but not pCD-γ-disks. Moreover, whole serum competition did not inhibit filling or refilling of pCD-γ-MP with Dox at multiple concentrations and filling times, which indicates that this polymer (re)filling is primarily driven by affinity-based interactions that can overcome the physiological conditions which may limit other drug delivery approaches. This was supplemented by isolating variables through docking simulations and affinity measurements. These results attest to the efficiency of in vivo or in situ polymer filling/refilling in the presence of competitive biological molecules achieved partially through high affinity drug to polymer interactions.