Oily core/amphiphilic polymer shell nanocapsules change the intracellular fate of doxorubicin in breast cancer cells
The aim of this work was to develop and test the in vitro biological activity of nanocapsules loaded with a doxorubicin (DOX) free base dissolved in a core of castor oil shelled by poly(methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic anhydride) conjugated to n-octadecylamine residues. This system was stable and monodisperse, with a hydrodynamic diameter of about 300 nm. These nanocapsules changed the intracellular distribution of DOX, from the nuclei to the cytoplasm, and exhibited higher toxicity towards cancer cells – 4T1 and MCF-7 – and significantly lower toxicity towards normal cells – NIH-3T3 and MCF-10A – in vitro. In conclusion, these nanocapsules are suitable DOX carriers, which remain to be studied in in vivo tumor models.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Journal of Materials Chemistry B Emerging Investigators and Materials and Nano Research in Brazil