A shape-shifting composite hydrogel sheet with spatially patterned plasmonic nanoparticles†
We report a simple and reliable approach to fabricate composite hydrogel sheets with spatially patterned regions of plasmonic gold nanoparticles using a combination of contact printing and diffusion-controlled galvanic replacement reaction. In response to near-infrared laser irradiation, the localized increase in temperature induced the controlled shape deformation of the composite hydrogels, due to the combined effect of photothermal heating of the loaded gold nanoparticles and the thermal responsiveness of the hydrogel matrix. The same hydrogel can be designed to exhibit different modes of shape deformation depending on the direction of light irradiation, which has rarely been reported previously. The composite hydrogels may find applications in biomedicine and soft robots.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Hydrogel properties and applications