Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Reversible and irreversible colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals


The extremely large latent heats exchanged in phase transitions involving strong molecular orientational disordering have recently led to propose plastic crystals as a feasible solution for solid state barocaloric eco-friendly cooling technologies. Here we determine the reversible barocaloric response of four plastic crystals derived from neopentane [C(CH3)4]: (NH2)C(CH2OH)3 (TRIS for short), (NH2)(CH3)C(CH2OH)2 (AMP), (CH3)C(CH2OH)3 (PG) and (CH3)3C(CH2OH) (NPA). All of them display giant entropy changes at their ordered-plastic phase transition, which is a primal requirement for competitive barocaloric materials. However, we show that it is also important to verify that the large barocaloric effects can be achieved using pressures that, while being moderate, are large enough to overcome the pressure-dependent hysteresis. From this quantity and using the quasi-direct method, we determine the minimum pressure needed to achieve reversible barocaloric effects, prev, for each compound. Specifically, we find a small and moderate prev for PG and NPA, respectively, which therefore display giant reversible barocaloric effects comparable to harmful fluids used in current refrigerators and thus confirm the potential of plastic crystals as excellent alternatives. Instead, in TRIS and AMP, the obtained prev is excessive to yield reversible barocaloric effects useful for cyclic applications.

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 04 Oct 2019, accepted on 08 Nov 2019 and first published on 09 Nov 2019

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA10947A
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

  •   Request permissions

    Reversible and irreversible colossal barocaloric effects in plastic crystals

    A. Aznar, P. Lloveras, M. Barrio, P. Négrier, A. Planes, L. Mañosa, N. Mathur, X. Moya and J. L. Tamarit, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9TA10947A

Search articles by author