Band gap modulation in zirconium-based metal–organic frameworks by defect engineering†
We report a defect-engineering approach to modulate the band gap of zirconium-based metal–organic framework UiO-66, enabled by grafting of a range of amino-functionalised benzoic acids at defective sites. Defect engineered MOFs were obtained by both post-synthetic exchange and modulated synthesis, featuring band gap in the 4.1–3.3 eV range. First principle calculations suggest that shrinking of the band gap is likely due to an upward shift of the valence band energy, as a result of the presence of light-absorbing monocarboxylates. The photocatalytic properties of defect-engineered MOFs towards CO2 reduction to CO in the gas phase and degradation of Rhodamine B in water were tested, observing improved activity in both cases, in comparison to a defective UiO-66 bearing formic acid as the defect-compensating species.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry A Emerging Investigators