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Issue 18, 2019
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Hybridizing anions towards fast diffusion kinetics for tri-ion batteries with significantly improved rate capability and cycling life

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Abstract

Dual-ion batteries are promising candidates for next-generation energy storage devices due to their merits of low cost, environmental friendliness and easy recovery. However, intercalation/deintercalation of large anions usually causes slow ion diffusion kinetics and large volume variation in graphite cathodes leading to unsatisfactory rate capability and poor cycling stability. Herein, we report a new aluminum–graphite tri-ion (Li+/PF6/BF4) battery configuration (named as AGTIB) using an anion-hybridization strategy by combining PF6 with BF4 in the electrolyte. An optimized AGTIB is demonstrated to exhibit fast ion diffusion kinetics and substantially reduced volume changes in the graphite cathode during cycling. The AGTIB has a high rate performance with a 90.5 mA h g−1 capacity at 15C (92.5% retention compared to 2C) and good cycling stability for over 500 cycles at 5C with negligible capacity decay. The present finding suggests that the facile anion hybridization strategy shows promising application for exploring high-performance energy storage devices.

Graphical abstract: Hybridizing anions towards fast diffusion kinetics for tri-ion batteries with significantly improved rate capability and cycling life

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Article information


Submitted
22 Mar 2019
Accepted
04 Apr 2019
First published
08 Apr 2019

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 10930-10935
Article type
Communication

Hybridizing anions towards fast diffusion kinetics for tri-ion batteries with significantly improved rate capability and cycling life

K. Shin, F. Zhang, X. Ou, N. Wu, C. Lee and Y. Tang, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 10930
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA03104A

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