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3D well-ordered porous phosphorus doped carbon as anode for sodium storage: structure design, experimental and computational Insights

Abstract

Carbon materials with novel structure have been considered to be potential anode for sodium ion batteries (SIBs). However, the practical utilization of carbon electrode for SIBs suffers from low initial Coulombic efficiency, poor ion diffusion kinetics. Moreover, the sodium storage mechanism still remains controversial. Herein, the well-ordered 3D porous phosphorus doped carbon was designed and developed as anode materials for SIBs, which delivers an excellent reversible capacity of 270 mA h g1 at 0.2 A g1 and a good rate capability of 140 mA h g1 even at 10 A g1. The correlation of experimental results and theoretical calculation confirms that phosphorus doping into the carbon material could increase the interlayer distance, enhance the adsorption of sodium ions and modify the electronic structure, thus can promote the efficient sodium insertion/extraction and charge transfer kinetics. Moreover, the interconnected porous carbon structure is facile to promote the permeation of electrolyte for transportation and diffusion of ions and electrons. This synthetic strategy provides an efficient and simple approach to prepare well-ordered 3D porous heteroatom-doped carbon for SIBs and other energy storage devices

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Feb 2019, accepted on 25 Mar 2019 and first published on 26 Mar 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA02268F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

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    3D well-ordered porous phosphorus doped carbon as anode for sodium storage: structure design, experimental and computational Insights

    Y. Qiao, R. Han, Y. Pang, Z. Lu, J. Zhao, X. Cheng, H. Zhang, Z. Yang, S. Yang and Y. Liu, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9TA02268F

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