Fullerene as an efficient hybridization matrix for exploring high-performance layered-double-hydroxide-based electrodes†
2D nanostructured fullerene (C60) nanosheets (NSs) with a strong electron-withdrawing ability are employed as a hybridization matrix for improving the electrode performance of an inorganic solid. The electrostatically-driven self-assembly of anionic C60 NSs with cationic Ni–Fe-layered double hydroxide (LDH) NSs yields a strongly-coupled nanohybrid of C60–LDH. The hybridization between fullerene and Ni–Fe-LDH NSs leads not only to the formation of a mesoporous stacking structure but also to the occurrence of strong interfacial electron transfer from Ni–Fe-LDH to C60. The obtained C60–Ni–Fe-LDH nanohybrids deliver much greater specific capacitances with better rate characteristics than the graphene–Ni–Fe-LDH nanohybrid and the pristine Ni–Fe-LDH, highlighting the superior role of fullerene as a hybridization matrix over graphene in improving the supercapacitor electrode performance of the LDH material. Such remarkable advantages of fullerene incorporated are attributable to the increase of porosity, the significant contribution of the redox process of fullerene, the improvement of charge transfer kinetics, and the enhancement of surface electrophilicity due to an electronic coupling with electron-withdrawing fullerene. The present study underscores that hybridization with fullerene provides an effective way of exploring a new family of high-performance electrochemistry-related functional nanohybrids.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Research presented at the International Conference on Emerging Advanced Nanomaterials (ICEAN) 2018