Jump to main content
Jump to site search


A delicately-designed poly(vinylene carbonate-acrylonitrile) copolymer electrolyte enables 5 V lithium batteries

Abstract

Despite attractive properties such as high operating voltages and considerable rate capabilities, the commercialization of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathodes is plagued by rapid capacity fade that stems from the severe parasitic side reactions with conventional liquid carbonate based electrolytes at a high voltage exceeding 4.5 V (vs. Li+/Li). In this work, a poly(vinylene carbonate-acrylonitrile) based gel polymer electrolyte (PVN-GPE) is delicately designed by copolymerizing acrylonitrile with vinylene carbonate. The delicately-designed PVN-GPE can exhibit superior compatibility with LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathodes, in order to address the above-mentioned severe parasitic side reactions. When evaluating the electrochemical properties of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/graphite full cells assembled with the PVN-GPE, an outstanding cycling stability (with a capacity retention of 93.2% after 200 cycles) has been achieved, which is far more superior than that of conventional liquid electrolytes. It is noted that, the introduction of vinylene carbonate endows PVN-GPE with improved interfacial compatibility towards lithium anodes, which can efficiently suppress the formation of lithium dendrites and enables excellent cycling performance (with a capacity retention of 90% after 200 cycles) of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/Li metal batteries. Our work presents an intriguing 5 V class high-voltage polymer electrolyte with superior performance, and will boost the development of high-energy-density lithium batteries.

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jan 2019, accepted on 04 Feb 2019 and first published on 06 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA00204A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

  •   Request permissions

    A delicately-designed poly(vinylene carbonate-acrylonitrile) copolymer electrolyte enables 5 V lithium batteries

    P. Wang, J. Chai, Z. Zhang, H. Zhang, Y. Ma, G. Xu, H. Du, T. Liu, G. Li and G. Cui, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9TA00204A

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements