Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 10, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Covalent triazine frameworks: synthesis and applications

Author affiliations


Covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs) represent an exciting new type of porous organic material (POP), which have some unique characteristics, i.e., aromatic C[double bond, length as m-dash]N linkage (triazine unit) and the absence of any weak bonds. In particular, the strong aromatic covalent bonds endow CTFs with high chemical stability and rich nitrogen content, which bring great value for many practical applications and the interesting heteroatom effect (HAE). The unique properties make CTFs attractive for various applications, such as separation and storage of gases, energy storage, photocatalysis and heterogeneous catalysis. Based on the current status of research, CTFs can be classified into two categories, i.e., amorphous and crystalline CTFs. Since 2008, a series of synthetic strategies have been developed, i.e., an ionothermal trimerization strategy, a phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) catalyzed method, amidine based polycondensation methods, a superacid catalyzed method and a Friedel–Crafts reaction method. The advent of these methodologies has prompted researchers to construct well-defined crystalline CTFs. This critical review systematically summarizes the development and challenges in the synthesis and potential applications of CTFs.

Graphical abstract: Covalent triazine frameworks: synthesis and applications

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 02 Jan 2019, accepted on 30 Jan 2019 and first published on 31 Jan 2019

Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12442F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 5153-5172

  •   Request permissions

    Covalent triazine frameworks: synthesis and applications

    M. Liu, L. Guo, S. Jin and B. Tan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 5153
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12442F

Search articles by author