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Highly conductive electrocatalytic gold nanoparticle-assembled carbon fiber electrode for high-performance glucose-based biofuel cells

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Abstract

Biofuel cells, which can convert chemical energy into electricity have been considered as one of the most promising candidates for powering implantable and microscale biomedical devices. However, most biofuel cells generate a low power output, limiting their practical applications. Here, we introduce a high-performance biofuel cell based on gold nanoparticle-modified carbon nanotube hybrid fibers. These hybrid electrodes could be converted into anodes through additional enzyme deposition and used directly as cathodes, allowing notable oxygen reduction reaction activity as well as high electrical conductivity (∼6100 S cm−1). The formed hybrid biofuel cell, composed of an enzymatic anode and a gold nanoparticle-coated carbon fiber cathode, provides an outstanding stationary power output of 1.2 mW cm−2 under a fixed external resistance (cyclic voltammetry measurement ∼2.1 mW cm−2) at 300 mmol L−1 glucose. Furthermore, these one-dimensional hybrid electrodes with extremely high electrical conductivity can be widely applied in various wire-type electrochemical devices.

Graphical abstract: Highly conductive electrocatalytic gold nanoparticle-assembled carbon fiber electrode for high-performance glucose-based biofuel cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Dec 2018, accepted on 29 Mar 2019 and first published on 01 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12342J
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article

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    Highly conductive electrocatalytic gold nanoparticle-assembled carbon fiber electrode for high-performance glucose-based biofuel cells

    C. H. Kwon, Y. Ko, D. Shin, S. W. Lee and J. Cho, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA12342J

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