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A robust and stretchable cross-linked rubber network with recyclable and self-healable capabilities based on dynamic covalent bonds

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Abstract

Adopting robust, stretchable, recyclable and self-healable elastomers composed of renewable resources is of great importance, but is rarely reported due to the irreversible cross-linked network. Here, we propose a simple and efficient method to prepare a robust and stretchable rubber network with recyclable and self-healable capabilities. TEMPO oxidized cellulose nanocrystals (TOCNs) with a large number of carboxyl groups were used as both the reinforcement phase and covalent cross-linkers for epoxidized natural rubber (ENR). FTIR results indicate that interfacial ester bonds were formed between carboxyl groups and epoxy groups. The covalent rubber network exhibited high tensile stress (>5 MPa) and fracture strain (>600%). Additionally, the network with exchangeable β-hydroxyl ester bonds at the rubber–TOCN interface can alter the network topology via transesterification reactions at evaluated temperatures. Therefore, the samples can achieve up to ∼85% recovery efficiency and ∼80% self-healing efficiency, exhibiting excellent reprocessing and self-healing behaviors. In addition, the samples can also be used as substrates for preparing flexible electronic devices, which exhibited excellent self-healing of electrical conductivity after damage.

Graphical abstract: A robust and stretchable cross-linked rubber network with recyclable and self-healable capabilities based on dynamic covalent bonds

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Dec 2018, accepted on 28 Jan 2019 and first published on 28 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11587G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article

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    A robust and stretchable cross-linked rubber network with recyclable and self-healable capabilities based on dynamic covalent bonds

    L. Cao, J. Fan, J. Huang and Y. Chen, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11587G

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