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Issue 10, 2019
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A new strategy for anchoring a functionalized graphene hydrogel in a carbon cloth network to support a lignosulfonate/polyaniline hydrogel as an integrated electrode for flexible high areal-capacitance supercapacitors

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Abstract

Carbon cloth (CC) is widely used as a freestanding substrate for energy storage devices, due to its high conductivity, special porous network, and good mechanical flexibility. However, it is still challenging to fully utilize the space of CC to achieve a high mass loading of electroactive materials and ultimately fulfill high electrochemical performance. Herein, a new strategy is proposed to fill the gaps and voids in CC with a functionalized graphene hydrogel (FGH) through one-step hydrothermal treatment of oxidized CC submerged in a mixture of graphene oxide and p-phenylenediamine. The as-prepared FGH/functionalized CC is then adopted as a scaffold to load a lignosulfonate/polyaniline (Lig/PANI) hydrogel via in situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of lignosulfonate, and thereby an integrated textile (Lig/PANI/FGH/FCC) is obtained. The symmetric supercapacitor assembled with Lig/PANI/FGH/FCC electrodes and 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte shows a superior areal capacitance of 1223 mF cm−2 and an energy density of 169.9 μW h cm−2 at 2 mA cm−2. Moreover, the assembled flexible all-solid-state supercapacitor presents competitive energy density (160.6 μW h cm−2 at 1000 μW cm−2) and excellent flexibility. This design of anchoring a hierarchical porous conductive network in a macroscopic macropore framework paves a new avenue towards high mass loading and low interfacial resistance in macroporous material-based electrodes for high-performance energy storage devices.

Graphical abstract: A new strategy for anchoring a functionalized graphene hydrogel in a carbon cloth network to support a lignosulfonate/polyaniline hydrogel as an integrated electrode for flexible high areal-capacitance supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Nov 2018, accepted on 13 Feb 2019 and first published on 13 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11153G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019,7, 5819-5830

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    A new strategy for anchoring a functionalized graphene hydrogel in a carbon cloth network to support a lignosulfonate/polyaniline hydrogel as an integrated electrode for flexible high areal-capacitance supercapacitors

    D. Wu and W. Zhong, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, 7, 5819
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TA11153G

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