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2D-dual-spacing channel membranes for high performance organic solvent nanofiltration

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Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) lamellar membranes are highly advantageous in molecular separations. However, the permeance-rejection trade-off is always a major challenge, since the permeant transport mostly occurs in single-spacing channels with undesired microenvironments. Inspired by the structure of aquaporins, we design alternating dual-spacing channel graphene oxide (GO) membranes, with locally tailored chemical microenvironments, that give high permeance, high rejection and high stability in organic solvent nanofiltration. This unique structure is easily constructed by in situ intercalating and cross-linking scattered sub-5 nm silica nanoparticles in the GO interlayers. The hydrophilic nanoparticles locally widen the interlayer channels to enhance the solvent permeance. In the alternating nanoparticle-free areas, the GO layers simultaneously bend and the π–π interactions retain the narrow and hydrophobic channels, promoting high solute rejection. With a 10-fold increase in water permeance and unaffected rejection, the dual-spacing channel membranes exhibit one of the best performances for organic solvent nanofiltration. The methanol permeance reaches 290 L m−2 h−1 bar−1, with more than 90% rejection of dyes larger than 1.5 nm. This new approach of designing hierarchical channels in 2D materials can be used for a wide spectrum of applications.

Graphical abstract: 2D-dual-spacing channel membranes for high performance organic solvent nanofiltration

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Nov 2018, accepted on 07 Jan 2019 and first published on 10 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA10872B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article

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    2D-dual-spacing channel membranes for high performance organic solvent nanofiltration

    S. Wang, D. Mahalingam, B. Sutisna and S. P. Nunes, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TA10872B

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