An azine-containing bispillararene-based multi-stimuli responsive supramolecular pseudopolyrotaxane gel for effective adsorption of rhodamine B
An azine-containing bispillararene was designed and synthesized by the reaction of aldehyde functionalized-pillararene and hydrazine. Then, a novel bispillararene-based supramolecular pseudopolyrotaxane has been successfully prepared via host–guest interaction. Interestingly, by taking advantage of the host–guest interactions, π–π stacking interactions and hydrogen bonding interactions, the multi-stimuli-responsive gel–sol phase transitions of such a supramolecular pseudopolyrotaxane gel were successfully realized under different stimuli, such as acid, temperature, concentration, and competitive guests. Moreover, this supramolecular system could effectively adsorb dye molecule rhodamine B. It is worth noting that this supramolecular pseudopolyrotaxane gel prepared in cyclohexanol solution (BP5·G·C) could be used as an adsorbent material for adsorbing rhodamine B with adsorption efficiency of 98.4%. Meanwhile, the adsorption efficiency was 97.6% for supramolecular pseudopolyrotaxane gel prepared in DMSO–H2O (v : v, 8 : 2) binary solution (BP5·G·D), also indicating the superior adsorption effect of BP5·G·D toward the dye molecule rhodamine B.