Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 33, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Enhanced diffusion and magnetophoresis of paramagnetic colloidal particles in rotating magnetic fields

Author affiliations

Abstract

Dispersions of paramagnetic colloids can be manipulated with external magnetic fields to assemble structures via dipolar assembly and control transport via magnetophoresis. For fields held steady in time, the dispersion structure and dynamic properties are coupled. This coupling can be problematic when designing processes involving field-induced forces, as particle aggregation competes against and hinders particle transport. Time-varying fields drive dispersions out-of-equilibrium, allowing the structure and dynamics to be tuned independently. Rotating the magnetic field direction using two biaxial fields is a particularly effective mode of time-variation and has been used experimentally to enhance particle transport. Fundamental transport properties, like the diffusivity and magnetophoretic mobility, dictate dispersions' out-of-equilibrium responses to such time-varying fields, and are therefore crucial to understand to effectively design processes utilizing rotating fields. However, a systematic study of these dynamic quantities in rotating fields has not been performed. Here, we investigate the transport properties of dispersions of paramagnetic colloids in rotating magnetic fields using dynamic simulations. We find that self-diffusion of particles is enhanced in rotating fields compared to steady fields, and that the self-diffusivity in the plane of rotation reaches a maximum value at intermediate rotation frequencies that is larger than the Stokes–Einstein diffusivity of an isolated particle. We also show that, while the magnetophoretic velocity of particles through the bulk in a field gradient decreases with increasing rotation frequency, the enhanced in-plane diffusion allows for faster magnetophoretic transport through porous materials in rotating fields. We examine the effect of porous confinement on the transport properties in rotating fields and find enhanced diffusion at all pore sizes. The confined and bulk values of the transport properties are leveraged in simple models of magnetophoresis through tortuous porous media.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced diffusion and magnetophoresis of paramagnetic colloidal particles in rotating magnetic fields

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 01 May 2019, accepted on 04 Aug 2019 and first published on 05 Aug 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9SM00890J
Soft Matter, 2019,15, 6677-6689
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Enhanced diffusion and magnetophoresis of paramagnetic colloidal particles in rotating magnetic fields

    Z. M. Sherman, J. L. Pallone, R. M. Erb and J. W. Swan, Soft Matter, 2019, 15, 6677
    DOI: 10.1039/C9SM00890J

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements