Assembled superlattice with dynamic chirality in a mixture of biased-active and passive particles†
We introduce a general model of biased-active particles (BAPs) with anisotropic interactions, where the direction of the active force has a nonzero biased angle from the principal orientation of the anisotropic interaction between particles, and investigate the self-assembly behaviors of a mixture of BAPs with passive particles by using Langevin dynamics simulations. Remarkably, a highly ordered superlattice consisting of small hexagonal clusters with dynamic chirality emerges within a proper range of active force, given that the biased angle is not too small. In addition, there exists an optimal level of particle activity, being dependent on the biased-angle, which is the most favorable for both the long-range order and global dynamic chirality of the system. Our results demonstrate that fascinating collective behaviors can be explored through a proper design of new active particle models.