The physics of open systems for the simulation of complex molecular environments in soft matter
Molecular dynamics (MD) has become one of the most powerful tools of investigation in soft matter. Despite such success, simulations of large molecular environments are mostly run using the approximation of closed systems without the possibility of exchange of matter. Due to the molecular complexity of soft matter systems, an optimal simulation strategy would require the application of concurrent multiscale resolution approaches such that each part of a large system can be considered as an open subsystem at a high resolution embedded in a large coarser reservoir of energy and particles. This paper discusses the current capability and the future perspectives of multiscale adaptive resolution MD methods to satisfy the conceptual principles of open systems and to perform simulations of complex molecular environments in soft matter.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Soft Matter 15th Anniversary Perspectives