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Enhanced cluster order–disorder transition-induced dilatancy in silane-functionalized nanosilica colloids

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Abstract

Herein, we report a novel nanosilica-based shear-thickening fluid, whose shear-thickening performance has been largely augmented by surface functionalizing silica employing silane chains. The functionalized shear-thickening colloids were transparent; this suggested that they have promise for application. An enhancement in viscosity was observed by over an order of magnitude by the usage of functionalized particles, which could be explained on the basis of enhanced hydroclustering and an order-to-disorder transition of the particles due to physical bonding of the silane with the base polymer. It was also observed that the shear-thickening behavior was grossly modified due to the presence of the functionalized nanoparticles. Oscillatory analysis showed that the functionalized colloids exhibited an improved dynamic response, with enhanced elastic behavior under variant strain and frequency conditions. Additionally, impact resistance tests revealed that the thickening of the viscosity upon impact was augmented by over an order of magnitude; this established these functionalized colloids as excellent candidates for liquid armors. The viscoelastic behavior was modeled based on the Cox–Merz formalism. Additionally, three-element viscoelastic modeling was performed, and it was observed that while the silica-based colloids conformed to the predominantly viscous model, the functionalized system transited to a predominantly elastic model. The present article can have important implications for the design and engineering of shear-thickening fluids employing nanomaterials.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced cluster order–disorder transition-induced dilatancy in silane-functionalized nanosilica colloids

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Nov 2018, accepted on 25 Jan 2019 and first published on 28 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02406E
Citation: Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article

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    Enhanced cluster order–disorder transition-induced dilatancy in silane-functionalized nanosilica colloids

    A. Katiyar, T. Nandi, P. Katiyar, P. Dhar and N. E. Prasad, Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02406E

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