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Aggregation Dynamics of Active Rotating Particles in Dense Passive Media

Abstract

Active matter systems are able to exhibit emergent non-equilibrium states due to activity-induced effective interactions between the active particles. Here we study the aggregation and dynamical behavior of active rotating particles, spinners, embedded in 2D passive colloidal monolayers, which constitutes one such non-equilibrium process. Using both experiments and simulations we observe aggregation of active particles or spinners whose behavior resembles classical 2D coarsening. The aggregation behavior and spinner attraction depends on the mechanical properties of the passive monolayer and the activity of spinners. Spinner aggregation only occurs when the passive monolayer behaves elastically and when the spinner activity exceeds a minimum activity threshold. Interestingly for the spinner concentrations investigated here, the spinner concentration doesn't seem to change the dynamics of the aggregation behavior. There is also a characteristic cluster size at which the dynamics of spinner aggregation is maximized as drag through the passive monolayer is minimized and the stress applied on the passive medium is maximized. We also show that a ternary mixture of passive particles, co-rotating, and counter-rotating spinners also aggregates into clusters of co and counter-rotating spinners respectively.

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Oct 2018, accepted on 09 Apr 2019 and first published on 15 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02207K
Citation: Soft Matter, 2019, Accepted Manuscript
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Aggregation Dynamics of Active Rotating Particles in Dense Passive Media

    J. L. Aragones, J. P. Steimel and A. Alexander-Katz, Soft Matter, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02207K

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