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Interaction of functionalized nanoparticles with serum proteins and its impact on colloidal stability and cargo leaching

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Abstract

The majority of effort in the area of polymeric nanocarriers is aimed at providing controlled drug delivery in vivo. Therefore, it is essential to understand the delicate interplay of polymeric NPs with serum proteins in order to forecast their performance in a biological system. In this study, the interaction of serum proteins with functionalized polymeric colloids as a function of particle charge and hydrophobicity was investigated. Moreover, impact on NP stability and cargo leaching was assessed. The hard protein corona of polymeric NPs with either uncharged methoxy groups (methoxy-NPs), positively charged amine groups (amine-NPs), negatively charged carboxylic acid groups (carboxyl-NPs) or zwitterionic NPs decorated with amine and carboxylic acid groups (zwitterion-NPs) was quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed and correlated with the respective colloidal stability using fluorescence resonance energy transfer. Positively charged amine-NPs displayed an enhanced interaction with serum proteins via electrostatic interactions resulting in a hard corona consisting of diverse protein components. As revealed by FRET and agarose gel electrophoresis, the enhanced adsorption of proteins onto the colloidal surface significantly altered the NP identity and severely impaired the colloidal integrity as the lipophilic cargo was continuously leached out of the hydrophobic NP core. These results highlight the importance of generating a profound knowledge of the bio–nano interface as adherence of biomolecules can severely compromise the performance of a colloidal drug delivery system by changing its identity and integrity.

Graphical abstract: Interaction of functionalized nanoparticles with serum proteins and its impact on colloidal stability and cargo leaching

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Oct 2018, accepted on 24 Dec 2018 and first published on 29 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02189A
Citation: Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article
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    Interaction of functionalized nanoparticles with serum proteins and its impact on colloidal stability and cargo leaching

    K. Abstiens, S. Maslanka Figueroa, M. Gregoritza and A. M. Goepferich, Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SM02189A

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