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Fiber plucking by molecular motors yields large emergent contractility in stiff biopolymer networks

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Abstract

The mechanical properties of the cell depend crucially on the tension of its cytoskeleton, a biopolymer network that is put under stress by active motor proteins. While the fibrous nature of the network is known to strongly affect the transmission of these forces to the cellular scale, our understanding of this process remains incomplete. Here we investigate the transmission of forces through the network at the individual filament level, and show that active forces can be geometrically amplified as a transverse motor-generated force “plucks” the fiber and induces a nonlinear tension. In stiff and densely connected networks, this tension results in large network-wide tensile stresses that far exceed the expectation drawn from a linear elastic theory. This amplification mechanism competes with a recently characterized network-level amplification due to fiber buckling, suggesting that that fiber networks provide several distinct pathways for living systems to amplify their molecular forces.

Graphical abstract: Fiber plucking by molecular motors yields large emergent contractility in stiff biopolymer networks

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 May 2018, accepted on 18 Dec 2018 and first published on 20 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00979A
Citation: Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article
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    Fiber plucking by molecular motors yields large emergent contractility in stiff biopolymer networks

    P. Ronceray, C. P. Broedersz and M. Lenz, Soft Matter, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SM00979A

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