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Atomic layer deposition of vanadium oxide to reduce parasitic absorption and improve stability in n–i–p perovskite solar cells for tandems

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Abstract

Two critical issues associated with semi-transparent, n–i–p perovskite solar cells for 2-terminal tandem devices are parasitic absorption and long-term instability associated with the widely used spiro-OMeTAD and MoOx hole transport and buffer layers, respectively. In this work, we present an alternative hole contact bilayer that consists of a 30 nm undoped layer of spiro-TTB in conjunction with 9 nm of air-stable vanadium oxide (VOx) deposited via atomic layer deposition. The low absorption of UV and visible light in this bilayer results in the fabrication of a semi-transparent perovskite cell with 18.9 mA cm−2 of photocurrent, a 14% increase compared to the 16.6 mA cm−2 generated in a control device with 150 nm of doped spiro-OMeTAD. The ALD VOx buffer layer shows promise as a stable alternative to MoOx; an unencapsulated Cs0.17FA0.83Pb(Br0.17I0.83)3 device with ALD VOx and ITO as the top contact maintains its efficiency following 1000 hours at 85 °C in a N2 environment. Lastly, we use transfer matrix modeling of the optimized perovskite stack to predict its optical performance in a monolithic tandem cell with heterojunction silicon.

Graphical abstract: Atomic layer deposition of vanadium oxide to reduce parasitic absorption and improve stability in n–i–p perovskite solar cells for tandems

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Feb 2019, accepted on 10 Apr 2019 and first published on 12 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9SE00081J
Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2019, Advance Article

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    Atomic layer deposition of vanadium oxide to reduce parasitic absorption and improve stability in n–i–p perovskite solar cells for tandems

    J. A. Raiford, R. A. Belisle, K. A. Bush, R. Prasanna, A. F. Palmstrom, M. D. McGehee and S. F. Bent, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9SE00081J

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