Improving MOF stability: approaches and applications
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been recognized as one of the most important classes of porous materials due to their unique attributes and chemical versatility. Unfortunately, some MOFs suffer from the drawback of relatively poor stability, which would limit their practical applications. Upon great efforts in recent years, various strategies have been developed to improve the stability of MOFs. In general, stable MOFs possess potential in a broader sense. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in the design and synthesis of stable MOFs and MOF-based materials via de novo synthesis and/or post-synthetic structural processing. The relationships between the stability and functional applications of MOFs are highlighted. In the end, the subsistent challenges and future research directions in this field have also been provided.