Mechanochemistry allows carrying out sensitive organometallic reactions in air: glove-box-and-Schlenk-line-free synthesis of oxidative addition complexes from aryl halides and palladium(0)
Organic reactions that employ moisture- and/or oxygen-sensitive reagents or intermediates usually involve the use of glove-box or Schlenk-line techniques as well as dry and degassed solvents. Unfortunately, these requirements may greatly reduce the utility of the targeted organic molecules. Herein, we demonstrate that solvent-free mechanochemical synthetic techniques allow using highly oxygen-sensitive palladium(0) species in air for the stoichiometric oxidative addition of aryl halides. The low diffusion efficiency of gaseous oxygen in crystalline or amorphous solid-state reaction mixtures should be the main reason for the low impact of the presence of atmospheric oxygen on the sensitive oxidative addition reactions under the applied conditions. This study thus illustrates the outstanding potential of mechanochemistry to serve as an operationally simple, glove-box-and-Schlenk-line-free synthetic route to organometallic compounds and other valuable synthetic targets, even when sensitive reagents or intermediates are involved.