Self-assembly of two robust 3D supramolecular organic frameworks from a geometrically non-planar molecule for high gas selectivity performance†
The synthesis of highly porous frameworks has received continuous research interest, but achieving the ability to target stable and selective materials remains challenging. Herein, by utilizing a ‘direction-oriented’ strategy and modulating reaction conditions, two novel 3D porous supramolecular organic framework (SOF) materials (JLU-SOF2 and JLU-SOF3, as isomers) are assembled from a non-planar building block (TMBTI = 2,4,6-trimethyl benzene-1,3,5-triyl-isophthalic acid) and they display permanent porosity, high thermal stability, and good recyclability. It is worth mentioning that the CO2 uptake values of JLU-SOF2 and JLU-SOF3 rank among the highest values for SOF-based materials under ambient conditions. Furthermore, these two materials exhibit preferential adsorption of CO2 over N2 and CH4, and can effectively separate the mixtures of light hydrocarbons. These studies indicate the possible application of JLU-SOF2 and JLU-SOF3 in trapping greenhouse gases and upgrading natural gas. In addition, this synthetic strategy introduces an effective method for developing remarkable 3D SOFs among other framework materials.