Oxidative amidation of benzaldehyde using a quinone/DMSO system as the oxidizing agent†
An efficient transition-metal-based heterogeneous catalyst free procedure for obtaining the oxidative amidation of benzaldehyde using quinones as oxidizing agents in low molar proportions is described here. Pyrrolylquinones (PQ) proved to be more suitable than DDQ and 2,5-dimethylbenzoquinone to conduct the oxidation process. Although the solvent itself acted as the oxidant with low to moderate yields, PQ/DMSO provided an efficient system for carrying out the reaction under operational simplicity, mild reaction conditions, short reaction times and high yields of the desired product. The scope of the method was evaluated with substituted benzaldehydes and secondary amines. Theoretical foundations are given to explain the participation of quinones as an oxidizing agent in the reaction.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Celebrating recent chemical science in Mexico