Plasma Treatment Bi2WO6 Ultrathin Nanosheets with Oxygen Vacancies for Improved Photocatalytic CO2 reduction
Oxygen vacancies on photocatalysts surfaces have a significant effect on improving of photocatalytic CO2 reduction performance. Plasma treatment can quickly and efficiently introduce oxygen vacancies on the catalyst surface. In this work, we used plasma to treat the Bi2WO6 ultrathin nanosheets to create more surface oxygen vacancies. Increasing oxygen vacancies on the surface of Bi2WO6 not only increases the catalyst’s ability to absorb light, but also greatly promotes the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. In addition, increasing the catalyst specific surface area provides more reaction sites due to plasma etching. In photocatalytic CO2 reduction, Bi2WO6 ultrathin nanosheets with more oxygen vacancies showed excellent activity, and the CO production rate was 40.6 μmol g-1 h-1. Our research provides a simple and fast pathway to improve the CO2 reduction performance of photocatalysts.