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A novel MnO2/MXene composite prepared by electrostatic self-assembly and its use as an electrode for enhanced supercapacitive performance

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Abstract

MXene is a new 2D transition metal carbide possessing metallic conductivity and hydrophilic surfaces. It has drawn widespread attention as a potential material for electrode use. However, the applications of MXene are limited by its property of low electrical capacity. In this paper, a novel MnO2/MXene composite is prepared by electrostatic self-assembly. Firstly, delaminated MnO2 nanosheets are obtained through the intercalation delamination of multilayered H-MnO2 in a cationic Gemini surfactant (Gem) solution, leading to a positively charged surface. Then, the positive MnO2 nanosheets are assembled on negative MXene nanosheets through electrostatic self-assembly to form a MnO2/MXene composite. The characterization results show that the MnO2 nanosheets are intimately assembled on the MXene nanosheets. As an electrode material, the MnO2/MXene composite displays a specific capacitance of 340 F g−1 at 1 A g−1, which is three times the performance of an MXene electrode. In addition, the MnO2/MXene electrode shows a high retention rate (90.3% retention at 10 A g−1) and good cycling life (87.6% of the initial specific capacitance is retained after 2000 cycles at 4 A g−1). The properties of the proposed composite are attributed to the excellent conductivity of MXene and the high specific capacitance of MnO2.

Graphical abstract: A novel MnO2/MXene composite prepared by electrostatic self-assembly and its use as an electrode for enhanced supercapacitive performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2018, accepted on 16 Nov 2018 and first published on 19 Nov 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8QI00957K
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article
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    A novel MnO2/MXene composite prepared by electrostatic self-assembly and its use as an electrode for enhanced supercapacitive performance

    S. Chen, Y. Xiang, W. Xu and C. Peng, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8QI00957K

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