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Conjugated electrochromic polymers with amide-containing side chains enabling aqueous electrolyte compatibility

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Abstract

Conjugated polymers based on poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene) (PProDOT) backbones are widely studied for electrochromics, due to their favourable redox properties including enhanced optical contrast and fast switching kinetics in nonaqueous electrolytes. The usual hydrophobic nature of these polymers renders them redox-inactive when interfaced with aqueous salt solutions. This work illustrates an effective side chain modification approach where polar amide functional groups are incorporated into the polymer side chains to attain redox switching in aqueous electrolytes while maintaining a high contrast. The impact of substitutional modifications (in terms of primary and secondary amide groups) on the interaction with hydrated and non-hydrated ions is studied using electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques to elucidate the underlying mechanisms leading to redox activity in aqueous electrolytes. The presence of amide groups is beneficial in terms of reducing the oxidation onset potential, making them attractive candidates for electrochromics in both nonaqueous and aqueous electrolytes.

Graphical abstract: Conjugated electrochromic polymers with amide-containing side chains enabling aqueous electrolyte compatibility

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jul 2019, accepted on 01 Oct 2019 and first published on 17 Oct 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9PY01066A
Polym. Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    Conjugated electrochromic polymers with amide-containing side chains enabling aqueous electrolyte compatibility

    K. Perera, Z. Yi, L. You, Z. Ke and J. Mei, Polym. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9PY01066A

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