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One-pot strategy for synthesis of open-cage silsesquioxane monomers

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Abstract

Element blocks, which are polymerizable functional units composed of diverse elements, have increasingly attracted attention to construct advanced organic–inorganic hybrid polymer materials. Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSSs) are, in this context, promising element blocks because their inorganic core is covered with organic substituents. However, well established main-chain type POSS polymers are difficult to be synthesized due to the highly symmetrical structure of POSS; equivalent reactivity of the eight corners makes it difficult to obtain bi-functional POSS monomers. In this work, a one-pot synthesis of POSS monomers has been attained by utilizing incompletely condensed POSS (IC-POSS). A sterically hindered triphenylsilyl group was introduced to cap one of the three silanol groups in the open structure, and the remaining two silanol groups were converted to polymerizable functional groups. Notably, material properties of the resulting polymers were controlled not only by the comonomers but also by the substituents on the IC-POSS. This facile and versatile molecular design of POSS monomers will open a new avenue to sophisticated element block polymer materials.

Graphical abstract: One-pot strategy for synthesis of open-cage silsesquioxane monomers

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jan 2019, accepted on 08 Mar 2019 and first published on 11 Mar 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9PY00036D
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    One-pot strategy for synthesis of open-cage silsesquioxane monomers

    R. Katoh, H. Imoto and K. Naka, Polym. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9PY00036D

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