Jump to main content
Jump to site search


UV-B exposure reduces the activity of several cell wall-dismantling enzymes and affects the expression of their biosynthetic genes in peach fruit (Prunus persica L., cv. Fairtime, melting phenotype)

Author affiliations

Abstract

Softening processes after ripening are a major factor contributing to the perishability of fleshy fruit and, together with mechanical damage, represent the onset of physiological decay. Softening involves multiple co-ordinated events leading to modifications of the cell wall architecture. Several studies described that UV-B radiation positively affects both the nutraceutical and aesthetical qualities of fruit. However, very few studies investigated the effect of UV-B irradiation on the activity of cell wall-related enzymes. This research aimed at studying how different UV-B treatments (10 min and 60 min) affect the activity of cell wall-modifying enzymes (pectin methylesterase, polygalacturonase and β-galactosidase) together with the expression of some of their isoforms up to 36 h after UV-B treatment of peach (cv. Fairtime, melting phenotype) fruit. Results revealed that UV-B radiation did not affect the soluble solid content and the titratable acidity, two important parameters influencing consumers’ choice and taste. In contrast, UV-B was effective at reducing the loss of firmness 24 h after the 60 min irradiation. Generally, a lower activity of the hydrolytic enzymes compared to untreated fruit was observed, regardless of the UV-B dose. However, gene expression did not reflect the corresponding enzymatic activity. Based on these results, UV-B irradiation might be a successful tool in reducing the loss of firmness of peach fruit during post-harvest, thus improving their quality and shelf-life.

Graphical abstract: UV-B exposure reduces the activity of several cell wall-dismantling enzymes and affects the expression of their biosynthetic genes in peach fruit (Prunus persica L., cv. Fairtime, melting phenotype)

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 05 Nov 2018, accepted on 12 Mar 2019 and first published on 18 Mar 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00505B
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, Advance Article

  •   Request permissions

    UV-B exposure reduces the activity of several cell wall-dismantling enzymes and affects the expression of their biosynthetic genes in peach fruit (Prunus persica L., cv. Fairtime, melting phenotype)

    M. Santin, T. Giordani, A. Cavallini, R. Bernardi, A. Castagna, M. Hauser and A. Ranieri, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00505B

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements