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Synthesis and antimicrobial photodynamic effect of methylene blue conjugated carbon nanotubes on E. coli and S. aureus

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Abstract

Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are one of the leading causes of high morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. The proper management, prevention and treatment of CRBSIs rely on the understanding of these highly resistant bacterial infections. The emergence of such a challenge to public health has resulted in the development of an alternative antimicrobial strategy called antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). In the presence of a photosensitizer (PS), light of the appropriate wavelength, and molecular oxygen, aPDT generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) which lead to microbial cell death and cell damage. We investigated the enhanced antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of methylene blue conjugated carbon nanotubes (MBCNTs) on biofilms of E. coli and S. aureus using a laser light source at 670 nm with radiant exposure of 58.49 J cm−2. Photodynamic inactivation in test cultures showed 4.86 and 5.55 log10 reductions in E. coli and S. aureus, respectively. Biofilm inhibition assays, cell viability assays and EPS reduction assays showed higher inhibition in S. aureus than in E. coli, suggesting that pronounced ROS generation occurred due to photodynamic therapy in S. aureus. Results from a study into the mechanism of action proved that the cell membrane is the main target for photodynamic inactivation. Comparatively higher photodynamic inactivation was observed in Gram positive bacteria due to the increased production of free radicals inside these cells. From this study, we conclude that MBCNT can be used as a promising nanocomposite for the eradication of dangerous pathogens on medical devices.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and antimicrobial photodynamic effect of methylene blue conjugated carbon nanotubes on E. coli and S. aureus

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Aug 2018, accepted on 07 Dec 2018 and first published on 10 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00369F
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, Advance Article
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    Synthesis and antimicrobial photodynamic effect of methylene blue conjugated carbon nanotubes on E. coli and S. aureus

    P. Parasuraman, V. T. Anju, S. Sruthil Lal, A. Sharan, S. Busi, K. Kaviyarasu, M. Arshad, T. M. S. Dawoud and A. Syed, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00369F

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